bison-book-list List of Books on Bison as Resources
bulletmakingphotoarray Photo array of reenactors making bullets in the way the Indiana Rangers would have made them. (using pewter instead of lead) In a passage from the book, “Pioneer History of Indiana”, there is a description of the weapons that were to be issued to the Rangers in their second generation, leading to the War of 1812. There it explains the first Ranger companies in 1807 were foot soldiers but the 1812 soldiers were mounted forming a light Calvary. On page 350 of that text Acting Governor John Gibson wrote in that ordered that the Rangers be equipped with appropriate weapons. Here is what Gibson wrote in that order: “The arms should be of the best that can be secured, not of the army musket, as that is too heavy, but of the regular hunting rifle, with the caliber of a size that would make 40 balls to the pound. For convenience in carrying, if the barrels could be cut down one to three feet and a half in length, it would be better. For the rest of the armament, the usual hunting outfit will be sufficient.”
Rifles were much more expensive than a musket. These were very long rifles generally with a full stock. The rifles that were supplied to the Rangers in 1812 were of a caliber that made 40 balls to the pound of lead. That works out to a .50 caliber, or 500/1000 of an inch round ball. The cut down length would make this at least similar to the then new Harper’s Ferry Rifle. They shot a large, heavy ball that were effective at long ranges, and were more easily handled on horseback.
http://www.instructables.com/id/Bison-Horns-and-Ears-on-an-Elastic-Headband/ – This bison headpiece could be made by a teacher, or by children and is a fun addition to any lesson on the Buffalo Trace!
The coin included is a United States five-cent coin designed by sculptor James Earle Fraser in 1912 and produced at U. S. Mints from 1913 to 1938. There were 1.2 billion struck. He wanted to design a coin that was uniquely American by using an American Indian on one side and a buffalo on the other. This coin showcases the native beauty of the American West.
The “Buffalo” is actually an American Bison. The bison which served as the model for the nickel was named Black Diamond and lived at New York’s Central Park Zoo.
The Native American on the front side of the coin was made by combining the images of three Indian chiefs, including Two Moons and Iron Tail.
The dates on the coins have been worn off due to their long use.